Each year, on September 11, Catalonia celebrates its national holiday, which is popularly known as the “diada”.
The history of this festival dates back to September 11, 1714, when, after several months of siege, Barcelona was taken by troops of Bourbon crown during the internal Spanish war of succession of the throne.
Thus, Catalonia became part of the united state and lost its status as an independent country and it was prohibited any demonstration of their own culture and language of Catalonia. There have also been removed and dismantled all the Catalan administration and political organizations. This situation lasted until the founding of the Second Republic in Spain (1936-1939), when Catalonia was able to establish its own parliament and return part of their lost rights and freedoms.
In 1980, in Catalonia was established the Parliament of Catalonia, which announced the 11 of September a national holiday. Starting this year, every September 11th is a day of memory of the defeat of the Catalan people in their struggle for independence and at the same time demonstrating the will and desire of catalanish people to continue fighting.
This day is traditionally celebrated several concerts, events, performances of public figures and politicians of Catalonia – in order to renew and revive the struggle for the independence of the Catalans, for their rights and for their own state. All dressed up in Catalonia with the national flags to remind the rest of the state their intentions and their desire for independence.
This year, September 11, 2013, the public Catalonia has decided to organize a so-called “living chain” of those who fight for the emergence of a new sovereign state called “Catalonia”.
Political parties urged the main political party of Catalonia, the President of the Parliament of Catalonia, Barcelona's Mayor and other important officials to join the social movement and the participation of the struggle for independence. President of Catalonia, Artur Mas, has given full freedom to his staff officers to participation in a “living chain”.
It is expected that this public action will attend a large number of Catalans.